Monthly Archives: October 2014

Fern Leaved Beech

Fern Leaved Beech, Fagus sylvatica ‘Asplenifolia’, is a grafted tree first cultivated in 1804 that often has both the common beech leaves and the cut-leaved ‘fern’ shaped ones on the same tree. 

You may know the one in the park at Todmorden but my photos also show one near Dobroyd Castle. It was planted about 1869 by Edward Kemp (who probably planted the one in Todmorden park). Notice the huge bulge near the base where the tree was grafted.

                                                Dobroyd, Todmorden

                                
                                        Centre Vale Park

2014-10-29T22:01:00+00:00October 29th, 2014|0 Comments

Foray at Broadhead Clough 17th & 18th October

Steve Blacksmith, Peachysteve and myself joined Jim Horsfall and Kara Jackson from Yorkshire Wildlife Trust on Friday
for their annual foray to record and survey the fungi found growing in the unimproved grasslands.
Members of the public were also invited and thrirteen of us attended in total.
On Saturday, Peachysteve and I joined Mytholmroyd Walkers Action, a trip that was organised by Rose Wheeler and myself. 
Everybody who attended was very interested and enthusiastic and they were a pleasure to take out.
The children had lots of fun finding lots of specimens of fungi and they were very good at it too.
Shown below are a few photographs of some of the fungi that we saw during our time in the reserve .

Heath Waxcap (Hygrocybe laeta) above and below.
It is so slimy it is hard to pick up.

Yellow Club (Clavulinopsis helvola) above and two below.

Spores with long apiculus. 5-7 x 4-5 microns.

Cedarwood Waxcap (Hygrocybe russocoriacea) above and below.
The scent of cedar wood was quite strong and pleasant.

Scarlet Waxcap (Hygrocybe coccinea).

Mulcilago crustacea.

Liberty Cap/Magic Mushroom (Psilocybe semilanceata) above and below.

Conifer Mazegill (Gloeophyllum sepiarium) above and two below.

It has a lovely fan shaped, furry looking cap…

and ochre maze-like pores.

We found a couple of large specimens of Pink Waxcap (hygrocybe calyptriformis).

Hygrocybe vitellina – above and below.

Hedgehog Scalycap (Phaeomarasmius erinaceus) above and below.

False Deathcap (Amanita citrina) above and below.

The gills were covered in hundreds of tiny invertebrates.

Butter Cap (Rhodocollybia butyracea).

2014-10-22T14:29:00+01:00October 22nd, 2014|0 Comments

Ogden Water 16th October 2014

Here are a few of the fungi that I found whilst walking Basil around the reserve.
Arrhenia rickenii above and two below.

I found this group growing on a moss covered wall which is the typical habitat for this species.
It is a very small fungus and the caps were between 0.5 and 1.5 cm in diameter and it it ranged in height from 0.5 to 2 cm.

Shaggy Scalycap (Pholiota squarrosa). 

 I found Powderpuff Bracket (Postia ptychogaster) 
growing at the base of a Pinus sylvestris tree – above and two below.

Meadow Waxcap (Hygrocybe pratensis).

Common Rustgill (Gymnopilus penetrans) above and below.

Stump Puffball (Lycoperdon pyriforme).

Ferny Bonnet (Mycena pterigena) above and below
These are gorgeous, delicate pink bonnets that can be found growing on decomposing fern debris.

Wood Oysterling (Melanotus horizontalis) above and below.

Rush Disco (Lachnum apalum) above and five below.

It has long, spindle shaped spores that are septate and measured 35-46.2 x 1.5 microns.

The lanceolate paraphyses extended beyond the asci in length.


Asci tips blued in Lugols.

Snakeskin Brownie (Hypholoma marginatum) young specimen above and mature specimen below.

A species of Typhula that I found growing alongside Mycena pterigena but I am unsure of which one it actually is.
The longest was approximately 2 cm.
They were pure white with a slender club shaped head.
I thought they could be T. erythropus due to the length but they usually have a brown stipe.


Allantoid spores, 10- 11 x 3.5-4.5 microns.

Conifer Tuft (Hypholoma capnoides) above and  below.

Milking Bonnet (Mycena galopus).

Rufous Milkcap (Lactarius rufus).

False Chanterelle (Hygrophoropsis aurantiaca).

Flaming Scalycap (Pholiota flammans) above and below.

Plums and Custard (Tricholomopsis rutilans) above and below.

Conifer Bluing Bracket (Postia caesia) above and below.

2014-10-21T10:02:00+01:00October 21st, 2014|0 Comments

Daisy Bank 13-10-14

I walked Basil up through the fields and back down again
and here is what I found along the way.

Verdigris Roundhead (Stropharia aeruginosa).

The gills have a white margin, whereas S. caerulea does not.

The spores contain a germ pore and S. caerulea does not.

Cheilocystidia mounted in ammonia – above and below.

Dung Roundhead (Stropharia semiglobata) above and below.

A washed out Fly Agaric (Amanita muscaria var. muscaria).

Honey Fungus (Armillarea mellia) above and two below.

Snowy Waxcap (Hygrocybe virginea)

Meadow Waxcap (Hygrocybe pratensis) above and two below.

2014-10-15T13:53:00+01:00October 15th, 2014|0 Comments

Ogden Water 10th October 2014

I had a lovely walk with Basil around Ogden Water and shown below are some of the fungi that I have been able to identify.

Yellow Shield (Pluteus chryosphaeus).

It grows on wood and it has a lovely bright yellow cap
that beams at you from afar.
The stipe base is also yellow. 

Pale pink, free gills that will darken as it ages.

Swollen, club shaped pleurocystidia.

Rounded cap cuticle cells.

Spores subsherical, 5-6.6 x 4.5-5 microns.

False Chanterelle (Hygrophoropsis aurantiaca) above and below.

Plums and Custard (Tricholomopsis rutilans) above and three below.

Rosy caps and custard yellow gills, lovely!

Slippery Jack (Suillus luteus) above and six below.
This is listed as common in lots of literature
but it is the first time that I have seen it in Calderdale.
I found a group of seven beneath the pines.

The smallest cap was totally enclosed by the veil which I broke open
to reveal the lemon pores and brown spotted stipe.

This was the largest specimen and you can see the remnants of the veil
on the upturned stipe below.

I gave the cap a rinse at home to revive the slippery, slimy texture.

Deer Shield (Pluteus cervinus) above and three below.

Horned plueroocystidia.

Spores pink, elliptical and smooth. 6-8 x 5-6 microns.

Rufous Milkcap (Lactarius rufus).
A drop of milk on your tongue tastes fiery and hot after 20-30 seconds.

Brown Rollrim (Paxillus involutus) above and below.


Yellow Stagshorn (Calocera viscosa).
Pale Stagshorn (Calocera pallidospathulata).

Snakeskin Brownie (Hypholoma marginatum) above and three below.

The stipe has a pattern that resembles a snake’s skin.

Jelly Rot (Phlebia tremellosa) above and two below.

Phlebiopsis gigantea above and below.
2014-10-15T09:59:00+01:00October 15th, 2014|0 Comments

Hardcastle Crags Thursday 9th October 2014

Here are the fungi I found whilst walking Basil in the Crags.
Giant Polypore (Meripilus giganteus) above and below.
This was growing out from the roots of a fallen Fagus sylvatica tree.

Yellowleg Bonnet (Mycena epipterigia) above and two below.

There were lots of these growing on the banking beside the footpath.

The stems have a gelatinous coating that can easily be pulled away.

Black Bulgar (Bulgaria inquinans) above and below.

Crested Coral (Clavulina coralloides) above and three below.

It has cristate, branched tips.

Spores 6-8 x 6-7 microns

Hare’s Foot Inkcap (Coprinus lagopus) above and four below.

The scales on the cap stuck to the leaves after I laid it down to photograph it.


Spores 11-13 x 6-7 microns.

White Saddle (Helvella crispa).
2014-10-13T10:43:00+01:00October 13th, 2014|0 Comments

Clockface Wood 10.10.14

Wrinkled Club Clavulina rugosa 
My field pictures were over-exposed due to sun. It’said to be edible but not considered worthwhile.
Clockface Wood is a high, stunted plantation above Barkisland, just past Ringstone Edge Reservoir. It has recently been extended by planting by Marshalls the quarry company to compensate for some of the old woodland they quarried, which is fair enough, but they’ve criss-crossed the area with fencing with stiles for walkers which are a hindrance to naturalists.
The only other fungi were Fly Agaric Amanita muscaria  apparently associated with Beech rather than the usual Birch, and a Lactarius, I think L. blennis.  

2014-10-10T23:11:00+01:00October 10th, 2014|0 Comments

Crimsworth Dean 8th October 2014

I did a loop of Crimsworth Dean with Basil and here are a few of the fungi that I saw along the way.

Pale Stagshorn (Calocera pallisospathulata).

Crimped Gill (Plicatura crispa) above and two below.

Clustered Bonnet (Mycena inclinata) above and five below.

It is a shame that this photo was out of focus but here they are peeking out of a decorticated Quercus log.

White adnate gills which had a rancid odour.

The stipe is pale at the apex which gradually darkens to a russet brown towards the base.

Cheilocystidia clavate, irregularly shaped with cylindrical, simple to branched  projections.

Spores ellipsoide to pip shaped and smooth. 7.5-10 x 5-6 microns.

Meadow Waxcap (Hygrocybe pratensis) above and two below.

There were lots of these dotted around the field. 

Small Moss Oysterling (Arrhenia retiruga) above and two below. I had no choice but to use my flash in the wood as it was very dark.

Taken later at home – above and below.

Candlesnuff Crazy (Xylaria hypoxylon).

Silverleaf Fungus (Chondrostereum purpureum) above and below.

A healthy Brown Rollrim (Paxillus involutus). 

Beech Jellydisc (Neobulgaria pura).
2014-10-10T21:17:00+01:00October 10th, 2014|0 Comments

Tree inscriptions

Many of you will have noticed names and dates etc scribed into the bark of trees, particularly Beech because of its smooth and thin bark.

I discovered this on a Beech in Todmorden and if you look closely it says “Charter Day 1896” and obviously celebrates the town gaining status as a Borough Council in that year. It’s in an area away from the public so I doubt anyone has ever seen it before. Amazing that 118 years later it is still readable.

Can anyone beat that date for an earlier inscription? Maybe it should be on a local Notable Tree Register.

2014-10-09T14:25:00+01:00October 9th, 2014|0 Comments

Change of Venue for the Tuesday 14th Oct Talk

The library is unavailable due to industrial action, so I have booked the Fire Station Community Room at Skircoat Moor Rd. King Cross, Halifax, usual times 7.00pm – 9.30pm.. Postcode HX3 1JF

It’s opposite Wainhouse Tower.

The speaker is William Varley on the subject the Rocks and Landscape of the English Lake District.
Will is from West Yorkshire Geology Trust.

2014-10-07T15:56:00+01:00October 7th, 2014|0 Comments
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