Monthly Archives: October 2019

Pale Tussock Moth Caterpillar

Saw this little fellow earlier this week, in Luddenden Dean.
Initially I thought it was a piece of sheep’s wool, covered in luminous algae.
It really was this bright. My camera hasn’t changed its colours.
I think it has a face like a cat without ears!
Charlie Streets said they are known as ‘Hop Dogs’, due to the havoc they wreak on hop plantations.
2019-10-26T15:36:00+01:00October 26th, 2019|2 Comments

More Luddenden fungi!

Clouded Funnel-Clitocybe nebularis

Weeping Widow-Lacrymaria lacrymabunda
This fungus has a felty cap, and gills that ‘weep’ black droplets (seen in bottom image).
The black spores give a mottled appearance to the gills.

Wrinkled Club-Clavulina rugosa

Sulphur Knight-Tricholoma sulphureum, which can be identified by its strong smell of coal gas. 

Sulphur Knight-Tricholoma sulphureum
and Amethyst Deceiver-Laccaria amethystina

  Honey Fungus-Armillaria mellea

 Brown Rollrim-Paxillus involutus (young specimen)
This fungus is deadly poisonous, causing a breakdown of red blood cells,
which over time lead to liver and kidney failure.
It is still eaten in some parts of Europe!

 Shaggy Scalycap-Pholiota squarrosa

 Common Earthball-Scleroderma citrinum

 Black Bulgar, or Popes Buttons- Bulgaria inquinans

Butter Cap-Rhodocollybia butyracea

 Yellowleg Bonnet-Mycena epipterygia
Note the yellow colouring on the very sticky stipe
2020-08-15T08:29:41+01:00October 26th, 2019|0 Comments

Luddenden Grassland Fungi

As it’s miserable weather today, I thought I would catch up on recording some of my grassland fungi findings of the last few weeks.
Dusky Puffball- Lycoperdon nigrescens

 Peppery Roundhead-Stropharia pseudocyanea 

The above are a selection of Earthtongues.
These are the ‘G’, in the CHEGD indicator species of unimproved grassland fungi.
Earthtongues are split into three categories;
Geoglossum, Trichoglossum, and Microglossum.
They are difficult to identify without the aid of a microscope.
The specimen in the bottom two images clearly has hairs,
so I’m presuming it’s a Trichoglossum (Hairy Earthtongue) species.
I did find other hairless specimens, including the one in the second image.
Peachy Steve is going to dust off his microscope, so we can have a better chance of narrowing down an identification.
 The above images are of the Blue Edge Pinkgill-Entoloma serrulatum.
This is one of the easier Entolomas to identify,
with its velvety, blue-black cap, and its serrated, blue edged gills.

 Lilac Pinkgill-Entoloma porphyrophaeum
This is a large, robust species, that is tinged purple and often seen with a twisted stipe,
as the picture above shows.
Entolomas form the ‘E’ group in CHEGD indicator species.

 Scarlet Caterpillarclub-Cordyceps militaris
This club fungus grows from the buried larvae of butterflies and moths

Crazed Cap-Dermaloma cuneifolium
Dermalomas are the ‘D’ in the CHEGD list of unimproved grassland indicator species.
Note the pale edge to the cap, and the way the cap cuticle overhangs the edge of the gills. 
The following images are of Waxcaps.
These are the ‘H’ (Hygrocybe) in the CHEGD indicator species, and come in a stunning range of colours.
The above image shows the variety of colours that the Parrot Waxcap- Gliophorus psittacinus can be found in.
 Scarlet Waxcap-Hygrocybe coccinea

Goblet Waxcap-Hygrocybe cantharellus
Note the scales to the cap, and the deeply decurrent gills.

Splendid Waxcap-Hygrocybe splendidissima 
This waxcap has pink/orange gills with a paler edge.

 Vermillion Waxcap-Hygrocybe miniata
 Top image pictures the fungus next to a small hand lens, so gives an idea of its small size.
Note the scurfy texture of the cap. 

Meadow Waxcap-Cuphophyllus pratensis
This fungus is firm fleshed, has a cap ranging from deep orange, to apricot, and fading to buff.
Stipe can be white, or apricot tinged. Its gills are decurrent.

 I think this specimen may be the Persistent Waxcap- Hygrocybe acutoconica.
Went back to get a second opinion from Peachy Steve, but it was no longer there!

Blackening Waxcap-Hygrocybe conica

Glassy Waxcap-Gloioxanthomyces vitellinus
This fungus has a relatively long stipe compared to its small cap.
This specimen had a cap measuring 1.5cms.
It is fairly short lived in my experience.  

 Orange Waxcap-Hygrocybe aurantiosplendens
Note the sticky cap that is darker orange to the centre, the pale yellow gills, and the powdery apex to the stipe.

 The above two images are of the Glutinous Waxcap- Hygrocybe glutinipes.
This fungus is extremely slimy/sticky.
If you zoom in on the stipe on the top image, you can see the globules of slime.

 Pink Waxcap-Porpolomopsis calyptriformis
Clearly showing why it is also called ‘The Ballerina’, with its upturned ‘tutu’

Slimy Waxcap-Gliophorus irrigatus

 Honey Waxcap-Hygrocybe reidii
The ‘C’ fungi that complete the CHEGD indicator species are the clubs.
I have included the ones I have found over the last few weeks, but apologies for the poor photos!
? both Apricot Club-Clavulinopsis luteoalba.
I’m not very good at these! Peachy Steve?

 Smoky Spindles-Clavaria fumosa

 White Spindles-Clavaria fragilis

Meadow Coral-Clavulinopsis corniculata
2019-10-26T14:49:00+01:00October 26th, 2019|1 Comment

Rochdale Canal

We had a walk along the canal from Luddenden Foot towards Brearley this afternoon.
Several young Alders were growing out of the canal bank by the towpath
and we found these small beetles and, we assume, their larvae.
Lots of damage to the fresh leaves though we failed to find any on the mature alders.
All in all there were maybe 30+ beetles but we only found 2 larvae.
With apologies for the small images. Click on the photos to enlarge.
 We think they must be Alder Leaf Beetles – Agelastica alni
Also one from yesterday on the garage door – think it must be the species as described below ?
Hawthorn Shieldbug – Acanthosoma haemorrhoidale
2019-10-16T17:56:00+01:00October 16th, 2019|0 Comments

Collared Earthstars

After a tip-off from Mick Harrop, Steve, Sarah and myself went to see these fantastic fungi
at Milner Royd Nature Reserve.
They’re a little above the steps at the entrance to the reserve
by the recycling station/tip at Sowerby Bridge.
They were a lot larger than I’d expected, some around 3.5 inches across.
They were also more numerous than I’d expected
with dozens present on either side of the path and a little in to the woods.
The centres were much like delicate puffballs,
loaded with spores which they ejected at the slightest touch.
The outer rays being much tougher.
In amongst the earthstars were three clumps of corals
growing in the soil around deciduous trees
anybody any suggestions?
2019-10-16T10:21:00+01:00October 16th, 2019|0 Comments

Holywell Green to Gosport Clough Fungi Survey

Several days worth of rain followed by a fine and pleasant Saturday resulted in another fantastic trip to what is fast becoming one of the best sites in Yorkshire to see grassland fungi. 
The strategy to maximise our chances of finding the most fungi was to form a line with a couple of yards between each other and slowly progress forwards. 
It worked very well most of the time but as you can see here everybody easily became distracted by the never ending supply of interesting finds 
(Photo by Steve Blacksmith).
Another of Steve’s photos looking from Gosport Clough back towards Holywell Green.
Star of the show for many was this Powdercap Strangler (Squamanita paradoxa). 
It’s one of our most remarkable mushrooms which is parasitic on the Earthy Powdercap (Cystoderma amianthinum).
It takes over the host and replaces the cap and gills with it’s own but retains the original stipe,
creating in effect a hybrid between the two. You can clearly see the joint between the two species.
The only book I could find it in says it to be extremely rare!
This one was suspected to be another rarity – Hygrocybe lacmus
but on further examination it now appears to be a Yellow Foot Waxcap (Hygrocybe flavipes).
The lack of yellow base to the stipe prevented a more immediate diagnosis.
Still quite a rare Waxcap by all accounts.
A more “run of the mill” rarity was the now expected Violet Coral (Clavaria zollingeri)
which became even rarer when I inadvertently stepped on one clump 🙁
A more common but equally stunning fungi was this Crimson Waxcap (Hygrocybe punicea)
one of four waxcap species new to me on the day.
It has to be said that without Peachysteve’s knowledge and experience many of the most interesting fungi would have gone unidentified including this Oily Waxcap (Hygrocybe quieta).
The same could be said about this Orange Waxcap (Hygrocybe aurantiosplendens).
A nice group of Heath Waxcaps (Hygrocybe laeta) in the sunshine.
This tiny Ivory Bonnet (Mycena flavoalba) was my sixth new species for the trip.
An easy one to miss were these ubiquitous Hymenoscypha fagineus on fallen beechmast husks. 
Much more easy to find was this slug-eaten but picture worthy Bolete – possibly Red Cracking Bolete.
My little colony of very rare Yorkshire moths – the Lichen Case-bearer is doing well judging by this mammoth count of 17 larval cases in just one small section of wall.
2019-10-14T11:04:00+01:00October 14th, 2019|0 Comments

Ogden Water Fungi Foray- 5th October 2019

The follow is a list of things that were identified on the foray.
There were many more fungi spotted, that couldn’t be confidently identified. 
Unfortunately I am unable to post any photos of the foray, as I forgot my camera.
Those of you who took pictures on the day, feel free to upload.
 The list is in alphabetical order.
Please let me know if I missed anything.
Amanita excelsa var. spissa- Grey spotted Amanita 
Amanita fulva- Tawny Grisette
Amanita muscaria- Fly Agaric
Amanita rubescens- The Blusher
Amanita vaginata- Grisette 
Ascocoryne sarcoides- Purple Jellydisc
Bjerkandera adusta- Smoky Bracket
Boletus badius- Bay Bolete
Calocera pallidospathulata- Pale Staghorn
Chondrostereum purpureum- Silverleaf Fungus
Collybia butyracea- Butter Cap 
Collybia peronata- Wood Wooly-Foot
Coprinus micaceus- Glistening Inkcap
Crepidotus variabilis- Variable Oysterling 
Exidia thuretiana- White Brain
Gymnopilus penetrans- Common Rustgill
Heterobasidion annosum- Root Rot fungus
Hypholoma capnoides- Conifer Tuft
Hypoxylon fragiforme- Beech Woodwart
Kuehneromyces mutabilis- Sheathed Woodtuft
Laccaria laccata- The Deciever
Lactarius subdulcis- Mild Milkcap
Metatrichia floriformis- A Slime Mould
Mycena leptocephala- Nitrous Bonnet
Mycena arcangeliana- Angel’s Bonnet
Mycena pura- Lilac Bonnet
Neobulgaria pura- Beech Jellydisc
Paxillus involutus- Brown Rollrim
Piptoporus betulinus- Birch Polypore
Pluteus cervinus- Deer Sheild
Stereum hirsutum- Hairy Curtain Crust
Stereum rugosum- Bleeding Broadleaf Crust
Trametes versicolor- Turkeytail
Tremella foliacea- Leafy Brain
Trichaptum abietinum- Purlpepore Bracket
Xylaria hypoxylon- Candlesnuff Fungus
Xylaria polymorpha- Dead Man’s Fingers

Additional species recorded on the dam

Armillaria mellea – Honey Fungus

Clavulinopsis luteoalba – Apricot Club
Gliophorus psittacinus – Parrot Waxcap
Hygrocybe insipida – Spangle Waxcap
Hygrocybe ceracea – Butter Waxcap
Hygrocybe conica – Blackening Waxcap
2019-10-07T09:28:00+01:00October 7th, 2019|0 Comments
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