Does anyone else have any problem with replying to comments? I have no luck when I press “publish” and they just disappear. Apologies if any commenters seem ignored.
Thanks for commenting. I have tried again many times but my comment just disappears when I press ‘publish’. Very odd.
I’m sure most people are familiar with Pampas grass (Cortaderia selloana) with its tall fluffy plumes. It originates in South America but there is also one that comes from New Zealand and has the common name ToeToe.
They look similar and both generally get called Pampas Grass without realising they come from different parts of the world.
My photo shows the New Zealand species, which you can see has a graceful curved stem with a more delicate flower head than the large plumed Pampas grass. These tussocks are at the entrance to Todmorden park. There is also a good one in a garden by the roadside at Springs, Mytholm.
Both species came under the genus Cortaderia but the New Zealand grass has now been put into genus Austroderia, (specific name richardii, named after Achille Richard a French botanist).
What is remarkable is the hardiness of the New Zealand grass. Whenever I go over Holme Moss (elevation 1719 feet) from Holmfirth towards Woodhead, I always remark on the incongruity of just one large tussock at the roadside just over the summit. It is wild and windswept with severe winters, yet this hardy grass grows and flowers well amongst the moorland vegetation.
Someone must have been determined to plant it there!
By the way, be careful handling them as the leaves will cut you to the bone.
New Zealand ‘Pampas’ ToeToe grass
At entrance to Todmorden Park
A town in Italy has banned the use of all but silent fireworks. Great!
I know a lot of people and children love the spectacle of rockets lighting up the early winter darkness, but I have long detested the war-like explosions.
There is a movement to spare our domestic animals this annual torture and since our woods have become repopulated with badgers, deer and foxes I imagine their panic when the deafening salvos start.
Clavulinopsis fusiformis Golden Spindles
Clavulinopsis helvola Yellow Club
Clavulinopsis luteoalba Apricot Club
Clitocybe nebularis Clouded Funnel
Cordyceps militaris Scarlet Caterpillar Club
Cystoderma amianthinum Earthy Powdercap
Entoloma infula Priest’s Hat Pinkgill
Entoloma prunuloides Mealy Pinkgill
Galerina sp Bell
Geoglossum glutinosum Glutinous Earthtongue
Hygrocybe cantharellus Goblet Waxcap
Hygrocybe chlorophana Golden Waxcap
Hygrocybe coccinea Scarlet Waxcap
Hygrocybe conica Blackening Waxcap
Hygrocybe insipida Spangle Waxcap
Hygrocybe irrigata Slimy Waxcap
Hygrocybe laeta Heath Waxcap
Hygrocybe pratensis Meadow Waxcap
Hygrocybe psittacina Parrot Waxcap
Hygrocybe quieta Oily Waxcap
Hygrocybe reidii Honey Waxcap
Hygrocybe russocoriacea Cedarwood Waxcap
Hygrocybe virginea Snowy Waxcap
Laccaria laccata Deceiver
Lactarius quietus Oakbug Milkcap
Lycoperdon nigrescens Dusky Puffball
Mucilago crustacea Dog’s Vomit Slime Mould
Mycena epipterygia Yellowleg Bonnet
Mycena pura Lilac Bonnet
Paneolus sp Mottlegill
Psilocybe semilanceata Liberty Cap
Rhodocollybia butyracea Buttercap
Scleroderma citrinum Common Earth Ball
Stropharia semiglobata Dung Roundhead
Agaricus sp Mushroom
Tubaria dispersa Hawthorn Twiglet
Rickenella fibula Orange Mosscap
Cheilymenia sp Dung Eyelash Fungus
Clitocybe fragrans Frangrant Funnel
Boletus luridiformis Scarletina Bolete
A few photos of Gorpley Clough taken in April this year to show aspects of woodland management.
Some of the mature Sycamores were “killed” a few years ago as part of the management of the upper clough and following this tubes were planted, which have been more successful than their contents, although some have saplings emerging shyly.
One small area has been successful with 14 oak trees appearing. One has to wonder why 14 were planted when there is only room on this ledge for perhaps 2 or 3 mature oaks. If left as is, they will all grow like spindles and none will make an attractive tree. Maybe there are plans to thin them at some later date–we will see.
Interesting way to kill the Sycamores. Not content with topping the trunk and removing all the crown, they have had 2 chainsaw rings around the trunk in an attempt at ring barking. Not satisfied with this, there was a more serious attempt at killing the tree by wholesale bark removal. But just to make sure, there have been ecoplugs drilled around the circumference. These plugs contain Glyphosate and kill the tree stone dead, preventing any regrowth. Of course, being drilled above the ringbarking they are useless as there is no sap flow connection to take Glyphosate to the roots. It all seems an expensive and bizarre way to create standing dead wood.
It would not have mattered if there had been some coppice type regrowth from the roots; it’s all leaves, shelter and greenery and could be coppiced again after a few years.
I have included photos of Alder not far away from the planted tubes. Look how these have grown into really interesting trees, fascinating to look at and full of wildlife niches. But this is because they have space to grow.
In the lower clough, an earlier planting scheme of possibly 20 or 30 years ago is doing well. But the redundant tubes are scattered about and some are still around the trunks.
Come on–this is an attractive and designated wood why does it need plastic and Glyphosate?
Showing the nutlets inside the split outer casing. You are more likely to get mature edible nuts in southern counties but maybe with climate change we will soon be eating them.
It was always thought the Romans introduced this tree to England but recent research suggests it was much later, in about the 13th century.
Can you see the face on the left casing, gazing intently at the nuts?