I saw 7 Roe deer today in woodland only a few minutes from the centre of Todmorden. Ivy is the main preferred food source in winter and this photo shows a stone stoop, which only a few weeks ago was covered in bushy Ivy right to the ground.

You can now see it is eaten away to a definite browse line. Roe seem to be very lazy browsers and don’t make much effort above nose level.

                                              Ivy browse-line

Nearby was a good number of Scarlet Elf Cup, Sarcoscypha austriaca. In fact I haven’t seen as many in one place before (there were many others nearby) and all are on decaying Sycamore branches.

Scarlet Elf Cup
For an attractive winter grass, Miscanthus sinensis is lovely with its old seed heads. It is very hardy and needs no managing. It is a good substitute for Common Reed, which does not flower in Todmorden. Originally from Eastern Asia.
Miscanthus sinensis