I have taken the opportunity this last few days to take my local walk through the woodland here.

The banking is very steep and the soil is gritty and full of rocks and there is little vegetation.
I wonder how these oaks have not only survived in the extremes but produced such interesting shapes.
Perhaps a hard life getting established there or maybe, not sure,
if there has been some pollarding or damage to the leading shoots when they were at a young stage.
I’m amazed by them !

Click on the pictures to enlarge

This last one looks as if there were two leaders at one time, no signs of damage,
that gradually over the years grafted themselves back together.