Erringden Grange, on Kilnshaw Lane above Hebden Bridge, is an early 19th century listed farmhouse and barn. (Erringden thought to be of Norse origin “The valley of the high ridge”). It also has numerous adjacent fields with rectangular field patterns, as well as an old Hawthorn hedge now in need of some care and new saplings for continuity.
But what makes the fields unique in the Calder Valley are the small diamond shaped enclosures at all the wall intersections. Look at a map to get a better impression.
There are (or were) about 50 of these enclosures shown on the OS map of 1849 and each contains planted trees of mainly Beech and Sycamore. These trees are possibly over 180 years old.
Some of the enclosure wall ‘diamonds’ are now falling down or have been removed but most are surprisingly still extant. Many have the original trees but some are entirely bare, such as the ones near Rake Lane. Wouldn’t it be good to see these replanted and keep this interesting landscape for the future.
Sycamores by the side of Kilnshaw Lane
200 year old Hawthorn hedge. No berries for birds if not cared for
Another small enclosure. Wall now gone and stock able to damage the Ash trees.
Bark eaten away on one in the background.
Nearest looks like it may be a lapsed pollard.
Fallen Ash has recovered and sent out upright trunks.
Could last for centuries if treated as coppice (if Ash-Dieback doesn’t see it off)
Erringden Grange. On the right in the fields is a tree enclosure
Tree enclosures–another 48 in adjacent fields
Ash; may have been a pollard